My reflection of open education–a combination between online and school teaching

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Through this semester study, I have learned a lot knowledge about open-access education. Students can learn what they are interested in through massive open online courses (MOOCs), such as Coursera, Stanford Online, FutureLearn and so on. They offer courses in various subjects, such as: languages, humanities, science, business… In addition, there is no  restrictions for students’ age, occupation, region, and academic level to join these classes, except for the internet. Rather than the traditional teacher-centred pattern, Open education regards students as the educational center. Students have the right of course selection.

The teaching pattern that open-access education uses inspire me a lot. I am wondering why can’t we breakthrough the traditional teaching mode? Instead of teaching and acquiring knowledge in the classroom and practicing at home, teachers can complete the knowledge teaching online through recording videos or online meetings (for example, with the assistance of Zoom). Thus, the classroom becomes the place for interaction among teachers and students. They can answer questions, practice the application of knowledge and so on. A friend of mine shared her experience of math learning with me. Her favorite math teacher never gives them math homework after school, because he thinks that when students practice the new knowledge at home, they may meet various problems, but at the same time, he is not there to help them. Then the following questions is who can do that for him? Therefore, he always let his students do practice in the class, so he can find what are the common and individual issues.

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Furthermore, these teaching videos should be short, just like the videos that Alec recommended for us, from 5 minutes to 10 minutes, in order to make sure students can concentrate on, during online learning. Also, teachers only educate students the the key point of targeted knowledge can also give students more space for self-study.

However, I still have a problem that I cannot figure out about the content of teaching videos. I  want to ask for help here. Theoretically, videos should be attractive, it can be designed with pictures, cartoons and so on, so that students’ attention can be drawn. When they have interest in these classes, it will be easier for students’ study. On the other hand, the presence of these pictures, cartoons, and other items may distract the students’ attention from the knowledge as well, especially in the case of students’ autonomous learning. Facing the dilemma, what should we do?

The Growth Record of My EC&I831

Just like a baby learning walking, I knew little about technology and social media at the beginning of this class. And I was afraid of falling down, so it was difficult for me to walk my first step. With the help with of Alec, Katia, and fellows of EC&I 831, I did it successfully and I am improving everyday. Times flies, when I feel I just get into my groove, this semester will finish. However, I will continue my journal of social media and open education, as it will be a wonderful part of my life.

Click here for my summary of EC&I 831

What else can social media change?

In recent years, we can see that many events are shared on social media by online activists. Especially, they capture the live moments of protests on the ground, but which is launched online first, to show it to people who also care about these activities, in order to obtain more support. A number of examples are mentioned in the blog How We Can Use Livestreaming Apps to Promote Justice, such as Ferguson and Baltimore to the deaths of young African American men at the hands of police, the global Occupy movement in 2011, activists in Libya and Syria on Bambuser in 2011-12, Ukrainians using Ustream from EuroMaidan in 2014, and Hong Kong’s Umbrella Movement on YouTube. In these series of events, we must say that social media plays an import role for the development of civil revolution.

protest on the ground

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In fact, not only common people use networks to achieve certain political aspirations, so do politicians. For instance, Barack Obama is a successful example who use network to help him to win the election in 2008. 20 percent of Obama supporters shared political content online, compared with 16 percent of McCain backers, and 18 percent of Obama partisans signed up to receive automatic updates about the election compared with nine percent of McCain supporters, the study found. Internet, especially social media is an essential element in that election.Although other candidates such as Hillary Clinton, Sarah Palin also used Twitter, Youtube and other social media to attract more votes, in the end, Obama Team won, as their usage of social networks was most comprehensive at that time. Now more and more voters search election news and information online, and  communicate with others about it as well.

Barack ObamaPhoto Credit: Rutgers Newark via Compfight cc

Another example is the green avatars on Twitter for Iranian democracy, which is referred in the article I get it : you don’t like Slacktivism. Now shut up. Only don’t. The result of the 10th Iran president election sparked a considerable controversy, opponents held protests on the streets. Simultaneously, various social media became an important tool for protesters to pass information, and express opinion in public. In such, people of Iran use Twitter, Facebook, Youtube, Blog and other social network tools to communicate, as well as update the reality of protest to the world.

Iran green revolutionPhoto Credit: MRL_street_VISIONS via Compfight cc

A major character of social media is the instantaneity. The information that users sent can be received by their friends in real-time. At the same time, the dissemination speed of information can be doubled by forwarding. This makes a large number of social media users achieve relative information fast, and in time by forwarding, when the event happens. Meanwhile information receivers can give their support immediately, although they cannot be there .

Equality and democracy of social media creates a platform for ordinary people to express, participate, and interact in public.They can get the discourse to fight for reasonable rights on these platforms. On social media, anyone can improve his/her influence through high-quality posters. This allows ordinary people’s voice to be heard, also inspires their participation motivation. Social media users can follow anything they are interested in, and give comments freely.

social media influencePhoto Credit: proideaegypt via Compfight cc

In any case, I believe our future will be an era of social network. In this way, we should update our own perspective, promote social justice between people, and reasonably challenge the traditional authority. Just like the title says: I get it : you don’t like Slacktivism. Now shut up. Only don’t. People should move forward and change their stereotyped thought about online activists. To some degree, they are not “slacktivists” at all.

In my opinion, what rewrite the history, and change the society is not the tool, but the man who uses the tool. So, what else can  social media change?  what are we expecting for?

Gender Discrimination Never stops

When I saw the article Girls Run the World, I was attracted by its name. Through reading the introduction, I found, compared to the earlier manifestations of feminism, many females in North America prefer believing that they have entered the postfeminist period. Postfeminists perceive gender equality has seeped into western popular culture and social life, therefore the existence of “sexism” is not necessary. In this way, it seems that I am already old-fashioned. However, after reading the following investigations and analyses, the authors concluded sexism as a collective and social problem rather than an individual and isolated moment that still exists in multiple contexts in girls’ everyday lives. Postfeminism is just a strategy which girls use to escape from being a powerless victim. I believe that gender bias never stops.

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Online gender discrimination is as worse as it exists in real life. For example, Facebook and Twitter which are representative of the social network, are the platforms for friends and families to communicate, keep in touch and share happiness. However, these platforms also come with their dark side influences, which include online threats, harassment, bullying, and so on. http://image.baidu.com/search

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As mentioned in the article Online Harassment of Women at Risk of Becoming ‘Established Norm’, Study Finds, female network users are still troubled by online harassment and threaten: among women under 30 year-old, 76% of them has experienced online harassment or abuse. Compared to men’s experience of online harassment, the incidences per cent of women is disproportionately. It has almost become a common phenomenon that young women are more likely to become the target of online trolling and bullying. However, victim’s consciousness of self-protection is weak. Only 10% victims of online harassment chose to reported it to police, and 38% directly ignore it.

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Retreat will only encourage this terrible trent. Rather than keeping silence,  women should fight against the patriarchy system, and fight for the equality.

Because of the controversy caused by the scandal of “Gamergate,” the attitude towards women from network game industry has received great attention from public. Through reading the assigned article With Gamergate, It’s Not Enough to Ignore the Trolls, many female gamers are facing the cyber threats and harassment. Some of them claimed that they had to get away from their houses, after they received online rape even death threats. As a result of gender discrimination, a lot of gamers say that network games are more suitable for men rather than women, only less gamers believe that online games are welcome to women. Therefore, gender discrimination is more serious in network game industry. Women gamers should protect their own rights with the assistance of the law.

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Discrimination is also a big problem in education. As a teacher, in order to disrupt this problem, constructing a critical reflection of our my own position is necessary. I need not only to acknowledge myself about the truth of various oppression, but the diversity of the minority students. What I should do is to treat them equally, but not too equally, because treating everyone the same means I do not see their differences. I should be aware of these students’ special qualities, respect their specific identity, learn their diversity, and embrace their diversity to treat these students as gendered, raced, sexualized individuals. I also need to foster critical thinking to reflect my behavior if I keep the promise of embracing students with various identities.

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As a feminist, I consider females as independent individuals who do not need to rely on anyone else, as we have the ability to live a better life. Instead of being housewives, we can have our own career; even in some areas, females are better than males. As a feminist teacher, I will try my best to challenge gender oppression and disrupt patriarchal and sexist ideologies in education, which I believe is the most essential way to solve the issue of discrimination. I will devote myself to creating more opportunities for gender equality, though it is a long way to go, concerning the matter of anti-sexism.

Chinese paper-cut II

Today I will show you how to make some simple paper-cut. First we will learn how to cut double happiness. What we need is a piece of paper(If you have red papers, it would be better), a pair of scissors, and a pencil. Now, I will do it step by step.

  1. Fold:                                                                             2、Fold again

Paper-cutpaper-cut

 

3、Draw shadow                                                             4、Cut off the shadow part

paper-cut                   paper-cut

5、Unfold the paper

paper-cut

There is a different way of cutting, and the first and second step are the same with the previous one.  But this time ,we draw the shadow  in a different way.

paper-cut

Then cut along the line we drew. We will get another double happiness.paper-cut

paper-cut

Chinese paper-cut: XI
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In China, you can see paper- cut of double happiness on weddings and house of new couples definitely,as it symbolizes more happiness will come.

Then we can try another paper-cut, tracery. First fold the paper. Then draw the picture.

paper- cut        paper-cut

paper-cut

 

Pay more attention to the bottom. Do not forget cut of the angle. After cutting, we can get a beautiful tracery.

 

 

 

paper-cut               paper-cut

It is pretty easy, right? If you are interested, join me, have a relax! I am looking forward to seeing your cutting work.

Chinese paper–cut I

Chinese paper–cut (中国剪纸)

 

Chinese paper-cut: XI
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Chinese paper-cut: FU
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Introduce
The paper-cut art is one of the most ancient Chinese folk arts of Han nationality. Its history can be traced back to the sixth Century A.D.. Tracery and meaningful cut art are both included in the paper-cut, although they may need different tools such as scissors or knife, yet the essence of the creation work is same. The carrier can be paper, gold foil, bark, leaves, cloth, leather and other sheet materials.

Content
1、Homonym: (1) Fish (yú 鱼) has the same pronunciation with surplus (余). It represents that may you always obtain more than you wish. (2) bat (biān蝙 fú蝠) Fú has the same pronunciation with blessing (福).  (3) Chicken (jī 鸡) has the same pronunciation with lucky (吉)

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Chinese paper-cut: chicken
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2、Figure

Chinese paper-cut: figure
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3、Animals:twelve animal zodiac

Chinese paper-cut: monkey
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double happiness
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4、Chinese characters:

(1) Double happiness always relates to wedding.

 

 

(2)、Blessing

(3)、Longevity

longevity
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5、Folk story

6、Plant

plant

7、Tracery