Parents post photos of their children on social media, right or wrong?

Baby learns to walk

Through reading the assigned article Don’t Post About Me on Social Media, I start to realize that parents’ poster can bring their children so much embarrassment. Just like me, many parents do not recognize their actions of sharing children’s digital information may cause potential problems. Their initial purpose is just to record their children‘s growth, communicate experience, ask for help, and so on. In general, when parents post children’s digital identities, they consider positive results rather than negative ones.


Many parents post their children's photos online

However, on the other hand, parents’ posters also can lead to some potential issues. For example, posters may leave bad memories or embarrassing experience on children’s future growth, which is mentioned by KJ DELL’ANTONIA. These experiences can worse the relationship between parents and children.




Simultaneously, these pictures or video that parents post, may also be stolen from online gallery by criminals, in order to use for online bullying. Network bullying such as internet mass hunting, track, and sexual harassment, can cause teens suicide. There are a lot of young people are suffering serious problems in their work and life cause by cyberbullying as well.



What is worse, because of the digital information disclosure, children may be targeted by criminals. In this way, these pictures and personal information will make children be in danger. As criminals may be planning kidnapping, child-trafficking, according to the digital information that parents posted on various social media. This kind of crimes did happen in China.



parents should respect children's opinion

Therefore, when parents post their children’s pictures and videos on social media, they should pay more attention to personal information protection. In this way, parents should respect their children’s opinion. If children express their discontent about what parents do, parents should be patient, and listen to children’s voice. Communication can help parents understand their children’s thought in time, which can avoid mutual misunderstanding. Meanwhile if it needs, parents should apologize for their wrong decisions, and delete the posters that their children do not like. Moreover, parents have the responsibility to protect their children’s safety and privacy. Parents should not only learn more network security knowledge and use appropriate tools to protect children’s online privacy, but also should explain to their children that uploaded information on social media will be widespread and keep for a long time. It is necessary for parents to teach their children to protect their privacy rights, and also to fulfill their corresponding responsibilities.


Social media: how to find a dream job online

  Social media: how to find a dream job online

search a job onlinePhoto Credit: RollisFontenot via Compfight cc

What is your opinion about finding a job through Internet? For me, it is not strange, cause we live in digital age. Due to population and advances of technology, all kinds of information can be searched on the internet, including recruitment information. While after reading the article  “Forget the resumé: Online profiles the tool of young job seekers,” by Kristin Rushowy, I start to realize that it is a good point that students can “brand” themselves with professional-looking Twitter, YouTube and blog accounts instead of resumes, which I have no idea about before. I should pay more attention to this issue.

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When I was graduated from university 4 years age , I was still taught how to desire the resume to apply for a better job, which is thought to be on the way out by experts now. Through the assignment readings, I know that many educators believe students should be encouraged to use social media. For example, “We are used to the 50-year-old tools of business cards and resumes. For the next evolution of jobs, who looks at a boring, two-page resume? You have to present a profile of something written or something cool you’ve done” said Professor Beatrix Dart of the University of Toronto. Now, students are taught to engage in the society through online platform, such as Twitter, Blog and so on. Students can just begin with following companies and leaders on Twitter, so they are up-to-date on what’s going on. Simultaneously, they can build connections through comments on blogs, or responses via Twitter. Moreover, students can do it better by constructing their own profiles on social media platform, to show more people who want to know about  them.

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In another assigned reading “How to Land Your Dream Job Using Google AdWords?” by Lauren Indvikmay, an good instance is given from Alec Brownstein, senior copywriter at creative advertising shop Young & Rubicam (Y&R) New York. Since Brownstein was the person who bought the names of the five creative directors on Google AdWords, he could make it happen: whenever someone ran a search for one of the creative directors’ names, a message which is “Hey, [creative director’s name]: Goooogling [sic] yourself is a lot of fun. Hiring me is fun, too” with a link to Brownstein’s website which will appear at the top of the page. In this way, he finally received the job offer from Y&R New York.

Does anybody have different opinions on this issue?


Open-access resource is the tendency in education

As we know, open-access resource has become more and more popular in education during these years. Open-access resources are those that can be accessed by anyone at any time without restraint. Therefore, people, especially young population prefer to search resources online rather than find journals in library.

open access

It is not only convenient for learns, but also useful for scholars and schools. Scholars should try to cite articles from open-access journals. As mentioned by the author, one of the best way for a journal to  build its reputation is that its articles are cited broadly. Simultaneously, as the number of open-access journal readers increases significantly, there won’t be less citers. The only thing scholars need to decided is to choose between citing a living author and a dead one,  Read open-access journals and cite them, then you support the living one. Also starting reviewing for open-access journals can make a  contribution to their reputation and quality as well through involvement. These changes can push closed journals struggling to get quality reviewers.

Libraries begin subscribing to open-access journals and adding them to their catalogue. Open-access journals are free, therefore, adding them to databases is a wise choice. Meanwhile it can save physical spaces, compared to the expensive paper journals in the long run.

Universities can support their faculties in creating open-access journals on their domains. The cost of bandwidth would be much less than accessing YouTube and other charged website. It will be accepted widely by students. According to the article, what universities should do is to support faculties in creating university-branded journals and work with them to run conferences and do other activities to help build the reputation of such nascent publications. If it goes well, universities brand will gain status too.

Aaron Swartz

Technology changes the status quo. It improves the transparency of academy and makes certain that those who want to engage with scholarship can. Although  it is not necessary to write professional journals for public audiences, but it is necessary to let these scholar articles publicly accessible.

Chinese Tea Culture: Chinese “Coffee” Culture

Compare to coffee which is popular in western countries, most Chinese people prefer drinking tea in their daily life. As is known to all, China is the birthplace of tea. After thousands of years developing, Chinese tea culture has formed a complete system, in which the history of tea, the Chadao, customs about tea and other aspects are included.

Chinese tea ceremony
In Chinese,  tea is called 茶chá, 茶叶 cháyè, or tealeaves. We ues the verb 泡 pào which equal to brew to describe the action of making tea. 茶道 chádào means tea ceremony.
These are the common expressions, when we are drinking tea with others: 1. 请喝茶  please drink tea; 2. 茶很香  the tea is fragrant; 3. 很好喝  the tea tastes good

Origin of tea:
The Chinese first discovered and utilized tea. At that time, tea was used mainly for food and medicine. According to a popular legend, tea was discovered by a Chinese Mythical Emperor Shennong, the inventor of Chinese medicine and farming in 2737 BC as a medicinal beverage at first. Around the 300 A.D. , with the custom of drinking tea brewed from fresh tea leaves in boiling water firmly entrenched in China, tea became a daily drink. Between the Yuan and Qing Dynasties, tea houses and other tea-drinking establishments were opening up all over China. Then, tea drinking spread from China to Japan in the 6th century, but it was not introduced to Europe and America till the 17th and 18th centuries.Today, as one of the most popular beverage in the world, tea remains China’s national drink.

Chinese tea culture

Types of  tea:

Green tea: Green tea has historically been Asia’s most famous tea and is popular in the West as well. The secret of green tea lies in the fact that it is rich in antioxidant sucatechin polyphenols, specifically epigallocatechin gallate, that fight cancer without any negative side effects. There are indications that drinking green tea also reduces cholesterol levels and may help to control blood clots.

Black tea: There are dozens of variations, each with its own characteristic, from very sweet and light to dark and dry. It’s possible to find the perfect match for every taste preference. Famous black teas are Qimen Black, Yunnan Black, Lapsang Souchong and Minnan Black (also known as Tan Yang Kongfu).

Oolong tea: The spelling “oolong” (also “wulong”) is a phonetic transcription of the Chinese characters, approximating to the sound of spoken Chinese, or more specifically, Mandarin. The correct transcription is “wulong cha” in pinyin. It includes the most famous Wuyi Rock teas and different types of tieguanyin.

Pu’er tea: Pu’er tea is grown in southern Yunnan province. The tea is famous for its health benefits, history and post-fermentation characteristics. Pu’er has both “raw” and “cooked” varieties. The raw version exhibits a green color and matures over a number of years. The cooked variety is black in color and has an earthy flavor.

White tea: Not as popular as other varieties, but good alternatives are Silver Needle and White Peony, and a white tea from Yunnan, a fermented white tea cake and white tea bricks. It contains a greater number of antioxidants than other teas.

Yellow tea: Nowadays, yellow tea is only found in a few locations in China, mainly because it is difficult to process. Only three varieties are well known: Meng Ding from Sichuan province, Junshan Silver Needle from Hunan and the Huoshan Yellow Buds from Anhui. Both the leaves and the brewed tea are yellow-green in color. The taste is fresh, with a slight hint of pepper.

Scented teas: Scented teas are made by combining high quality tea leaves with the fragrances and tastes of blossoms, for example, jasmine or pomelo flowers.

Tea ceremony
The purpose of tea ceremony is spiritual enlightenment.Tea ceremony includes tea artistry,tea etiquette, environment, and enlightenment.

Pin Yin–the way of Chinese character pronunciation (III)

Today, I will finish my teaching of  Pin Yin –Tones and Rules of Spelling.

study pinyin
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Definition: Chinese is tone language. By tone language I mean the language in which every word has its specific tone or tones.

Importance: tones can distinguish meanings. Different tones have different meanings. For example, the two pinyin have the same initial and final. They are different only in tones. For example, mǎi and mài, mǎi is the third tone and means to buy; mài is the fourth tone and means to sell.

A vivid illustration of Chinese tones (pitch graph of the 4 tones). The tone marks: “—”mother, “/” Yes?, “∨” (really?), “\” Yes! What!

In order to give you a better understanding, I will share you a pitch graph so that you will know what is tone like vividly.

Tone description

The bigger the number is , the higher the pitch is. The first tone keeps staying at number 5. The second tone is from number 3 to number 5. The third tone is from number 2 to 1 and then goes from number l  to number 4. The fourth tone is from number 5 to number 1. The fifth tones light tone.

Attention: in video 2, the introduction of the third tone is not accurate

Where do we place tone marks? Generally, put it on the major vowel of the “final”. Then what’s the major vowels? It’s that one that appears ahead according to the order “a o e i u ü”. Egg. mǎi, kāi, táo, xiè, dòu.

The neutral tone/ light tone/ toneless: some words have unstressed syllables which one toneless and therefore they are not given tone marks.  How do we know a word is the neutral tone? (1) Structural words like particles are also often unstressed and similarly unmarked e.g.. de(的), le(了), ma(吗). (2) when we address others, sometimes the same two Chinese characters are read toneless e.g. māma (mother), jiějie, (sister) (3) other cases such as conventional/customary e.g.  xièxie, tàiyang, yǎnjing.

Try to speak loudly to practise.

Tonal Adjustment

Adjustment of the third tone: (1) in speech, when a third tone precedes another third one, it changes to a second tone e.g. nǐhǎo pronounces níhǎo. (2) Tone3+tone (1,2,4, neutral) its rising part is omitted, like half tone3 e.g. wǔmei, wǒmen.

Adjustment of bu and yi: when yī precedes tonel, tone2 and tone3, it changes to the fourth tone. When yī precedes the forth tone,  it changes to the second tone e.g. yītiān→yì; yīnián→yì; yīwǎn→yì; yīkuai→yì; yíduì. Similarly, 不(bu) is fourth tone, when bù precedes tonel, tone2 and tone3, it do not change;but when bù  precedes the forth tone,  it changes to second tone bú e.g. bùgāo/bùnán/bùhǎo→bù(remain the same tone); búmàn.

Rules of spelling

1. The finals of zhi chi shi ri zi ci si are “i”.

2. As for finals beginning with “i” without initials: if there is no other vowel, just add ‘y’ to the beginning: yi, yin, ying. If there is another vowel or other vowels, remove ‘i’and add y to the beginning: ya(-ia); ye(-ie); yao(-iao); you (-iou); yang(-iang); yong(-iong).

3. As for finals beginning with ‘u’ without initials: if there is no other vowel, just add ‘w’ to the beginning: wu. If there is another vowel or other vowels, remove ‘u’ and ‘w’ to the beginning: wa(-ua), wo(-uo), wan(-uan), wang(-uang), weng(-ueng), wai(- uai), wei(-uei), wen(-uen).

4. When you see j q x y initial goes with ü, you need to change ü to u, For example ju, quan, xue, yu, yue, yuan, yun.

5. Tone marks are marked on the vowels ‘a o e i u ü’, according to the order, for example kāi, zhāo.  When the tone mark is on an ‘i’, the dot on the ‘i’ should be omitted, for example jīn,tì,zhǐ. As for finals iu and ui, we always put the tone marks on the latter, for example diū, niú, huī.

If you have any problem about pinyin, please feel free to ask me.


Are you safe children, when then search the internet?

Through reading the assigned articles, it is obviously that a large number of unhealthy and unsafe information has poured into students vision from every corner of the internet. As mentioned in the articles,  Yik Yak is a free mobile app that allows anyone to post public anonymous messages, but is always linked to problems such as threats, pranks and cyberbullying, which makes parents and teachers worry about their children’s safety. Another example is about  the vicious unprintable comments on  the open social network site Reddit, which can hurt teen’s self-esteem. Simultaneously, as parents respond that kids are able to access pornography at school. Problem of network security has become a hidden danger for children’s life. Nowadays, as the development of technology, network makes study more effective and easier. Students can acquire knowledge from teachers thousands miles away, and discuss questions with strangers who are knowledgable. All the online resources seem to be perfect for students’ learning. However, more and more issues expose.For instance, a phenomenon known as cyber self-harm means that children bully themselves, either by themselves or inviting strangers to do it for them. It first came to light in the UK three years ago, when 14-year-old Hannah Smith killed herself after messages like “go die”, “get cancer” and “drink bleach” which were posted to her profile on anonymous question and answer site Ask FM. Therefore some scholars suggest that schools should block these apps and add more search filters and firewalls to school wireless. However, as it is said in the article that: all know this is a game of whack-a-mole. After we block one app, there will be 10 more comes.

A picture calls for cyber security
Photo Credit: asiteducation via Compfight cc

Facing the dilemma,what should we do as educators to address the issue of application network in education appropriately?

Pin Yin–the way of Chinese character pronunciation (II)

Last time, I introduced Initial Sounds of Pin Yin, today I will continue the Final Sounds teaching. The finals connect with the Intitial sounds to create the one syllable words that are the basis of the Chinese language. Although Pin Yin is always made up of Initial Sounds, Final Sounds, and tones, sometimes Final Sounds associated with tones can constitute syllable as well.

Final (Ending Sounds): 24

Final Sound Table

-a (as in father), -an (like the sounds of “angry”), -ang (like the sound of “wrong“), ai- (as in “high”), -ao (as in “how” or “out”)

-o (as in “what”), -ou (as in “low” or “boat” ), -ong ( similar to “own” )

e- (sounds like “uh”), -en (as  in “open“), -eng (sounds like “won‘t”), ei- (as in “eight”), -er (as in “herd”)

i- (sounds like “ee” in”see”), ie- (sounds like “ye” in “yes”), in-(as in “bin“), ing-( as in “going“), iu-( sounds like “yo” in “yoga”)

u (sounds like “oo” in “loop”), -ui (similar to “way”), -un (sounds like  “win)

-ü (First try to pronounce “i”, and then your tongue stays here, gradually purse your lips. Try it yourself). When ü or letter combinations of ü meet initials j,q,x, we write ü as u.  -üe/ue(sounds like “yea” in “year”), üe/ue, ün (u with n, like French une)

Final sounds combinations (12):

-ia (sounds like ya in “yard”), -ian (similar to “yen”), iang(similar to “young”), -iao (sounds like yow in “yowl”), -iong (i merged with ong)

-ua (u followed by a), uai- (similar to “why”), -uan (u followed by an), uang- (u followed by ang ), -ueng (u followed by eng, which exists only with zero initial as weng), uo-(as in “war”)

-uan (ü followed by an, only with initials j,q,x)